FlightAware and MRTG

Continuing to work on graphing data with MRTG, I finally figured out a valid script for graphing FlightAware messages from my PiAware. This is especially interesting to me because I have been playing around with different antennas and running on a couple of different Raspberry Pi platforms. On one of the platforms I’ve got two receivers, the primary one that listens on the 1090MHz frequency, and the secondary that listens on 978MHz. I’ve been especially interested in knowing how many reports come in on the secondary frequency.

Using the in and out property of MRTG graphs, I’ve got the In (green) representing 978 messages and the Out (blue) representing 1090 messages.

I added the following section to my /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf file:

pass .1.3.6.1.2.1.25.1.9 /bin/sh /usr/local/bin/snmp-dump1090
pass .1.3.6.1.2.1.25.1.10 /bin/sh /usr/local/bin/snmp-dump978
view systemonly included .1.3.6.1.2.1.25

I created two files in the /usr/local/bin directory that snmp references. /usr/local/bin/snmp-dump1090:

#!/bin/bash
if [ "$1" = "-g" ]; then
        echo .1.3.6.1.2.1.25.1.9
        echo gauge
        /bin/grep "dump1090-fa.*5m).*FlightAware" /var/log/piaware.log | /usr/bin/tail -n 1 | /usr/bin/cut -f2 -d"(" | /usr/bin/cut -f1 -d" "
fi

and /usr/local/bin/snmp-dump978:

#!/bin/bash
if [ "$1" = "-g" ]; then
        echo .1.3.6.1.2.1.25.1.10
        echo gauge
        /bin/grep "dump978-fa.*5m).*FlightAware" /var/log/piaware.log | /usr/bin/tail -n1 | cut -f2 -d"(" | /usr/bin/cut -f1 -d" "
fi

I added the following section to my /etc/mrtg.conf file:

######################################################################
#       FlightAware messages
######################################################################
Options[_]: gauge, nopercent, transparent, pngdate
Factor[_]:
MaxBytes[_]: 12500000
YLegend[_]: Messages
ShortLegend[_]: Messages
LegendO[_]: dump1090 messages
LegendI[_]: dump978 messages

# Target[WimPi4_piaware]: `/home/wim/MRTG-PiAware.sh`
Target[WimPi4_piaware]: .1.3.6.1.2.1.25.1.10&.1.3.6.1.2.1.25.1.9:public@WimPi4
Title[WimPi4_piaware]: Pi4 FlightAware messages
PNGTitle[WimPi4_piaware]: Pi4 FlightAware Messages
PageTop[WimPi4_piaware]: Pi4 FlightAware messages

Target[WimPiZeroCamera_dump1090]: .1.3.6.1.2.1.25.1.9&.1.3.6.1.2.1.25.1.9:public@WimPiZeroCamera
Options[WimPiZeroCamera_dump1090]: gauge, nopercent, transparent, pngdate, noi
Title[WimPiZeroCamera_dump1090]: PiZero FlightAware messages
PNGTitle[WimPiZeroCamera_dump1090]: PiZero FlightAware Messages
PageTop[WimPiZeroCamera_dump1090]: PiZero FlightAware messages

I was testing that snmp was responding with data using the snmpget commands, but I was getting zeros back. I could run the scripts directly while I was logged in with my regular account and they were producing results so I was scratching my head.

pi@WimPi4:~ $ snmpget -v 2c -c public wimpi4 .1.3.6.1.2.1.25.1.9
iso.3.6.1.2.1.25.1.9 = Gauge32: 130
pi@WimPi4:~ $ snmpget -v 2c -c public wimpi4 .1.3.6.1.2.1.25.1.10
iso.3.6.1.2.1.25.1.10 = Gauge32: 0

The extra complication that added about six hours to my figuring things out was that the /var/log/piaware.log log files were not all readable, only owner and group. The snmp daemon was not running as a member of any group that had access to that file. I verified the problem with the command:

sudo -u Debian-snmp cat /var/log/piaware.log

I fixed the problem with the quick hack of:

sudo chmod a+r /var/log/pi*

 

Govee H5075 and H5074, Bluetooth Low Energy, and MRTG

I have been wanting a method of keeping track of temperatures for a long time. Last week I acquired a Govee H5075 Bluetooth Thermometer Hygrometer. It communicates with an app from Govee on my iPhone using Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE).

I’ve now learned some details on BLE, and have written a program that listens for BLE advertisements from either type of thermometer and logs the temperature and humidity in a text file. The code for my project is available on GitHub. https://github.com/wcbonner/GoveeBTTempLogger

The same program can also be called to get the last value from the log and produce output compatible with MRTG. MRTG is not the best method for graphing these temperatures, because all graphs start with zero on the Y axis, and neither the temperature or humidity is likely to be near zero.

MRTG graph of Temperature and Relative Humidity

My program seems to receive advertisements from each thermometer about every ten seconds. I’ve had a friend running the code in his location with a different set of thermometers and it doesn’t get advertisements nearly as frequently. I don’t know if that’s just because environment is different, or if there’s something else going on.

Monitoring Raspberry Pi with MRTG

I’ve used MRTG for simple monitoring for years. It’s easy to get working and dependent on very few packages. It stores it’s data in simple files. This both limits it, and makes it easy to move or duplicate.

I wanted to monitor each of my Raspberry Pi network interfaces because they are connected via WiFi and I can’t monitor a particular switch port for each device. I’ve spent nearly a year searching for the reason that MRTG didn’t enumerate the interfaces before coming up with a simple snippet fixing my problem.

Adding this line to the end of my /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf file and restarting the snmpd allowed me to run cfgmaker and see my network interfaces.

view   systemonly  included   .1.3.6.1.2.1.2

Quick and dirty addition and query:

sudo echo view   systemonly  included   .1.3.6.1.2.1.2 >>/etc/snmp/snmpd.conf
sudo systemctl restart snmpd

/usr/bin/cfgmaker --no-down --zero-speed=100000000 public@localhost
Thanks to https://www.seei.biz/cpu-temperature-of-a-raspberry-pi-via-snmp/ for giving me the simple answer that I’d been trying to figure out for over a year.